what is type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is a life-threatening autoimmune condition where a person's pancreas stops producing the hormone insulin. We all need insulin to turn food into energy and metabolize glucose. T1D occurs when the body's immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.
Insulin is not a cure.
It allows us to stay alive, but it doesn't replace the body's innate ability to produce insulin and balance blood sugar. Nor does it prevent diabetes-related complications like blindness, nerve damage, kidney failure and heart disease. Between 5 and 10% of people living with diabetes have type 1.
T1D shapes the way I wake up in the morning, the lifestyle I lead, and my quest to thrive.
Finding that sweet balance is key.
other types of diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
The more prevalent form of diabetes is type 2 - a disease largely affected by lifestyle, where the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body cannot properly use insulin. Sugar builds up in the blood instead of being utilized for energy, and cells fail to respond to the normal action of insulin.
Diet of refined sugars and processed foods, sedentary lifestyle, genetic link.
Generally a temporary condition, gestational diabetes affects 2-4% of all pregnancies and involves a higher risk of developing diabetes for both mother and child later in life. Treatment includes diet clean-up, daily exercise, monitoring fetal growth and checking blood sugar regularly.
Placental hormone secretion leading to a build-up of sugar in the blood. If the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin, blood sugar rises and gestational diabetes may occur.
LADA (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults)
This sub-type of diabetes is classified as late onset type 1 diabetes, where the disease progresses more gradually and the pancreas may still be able to produce insulin. More research is needed to shed light on LADA.
Largely unknown, viral trigger, genetic predisposition.